Markets, Productivity, and Happiness in a Historical Perspective


Akansel İlkben, Assoc.Prof. Dr.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. İlkben AKANSEL Bartın University/Turkey Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of Economics The term “Gender” profoundly affects the economics paradigm to differentiate from the term “sex”. Substantially, the terms gender describes the roles given by society to the females and the males just because of being women and men. Gender can control all employment types economically. Predominantly, job segregations that determine horizontal and vertical segregations have also completed the production. Job segregation can be observed especially in science. The reason is that science is the most pervasive field in which gender norms are embedded in themselves most. As a result of patriarchy, gender norms do more clearly emerge in the economic discipline. Here, women academicians have more adversities that are caused by gender norms. This study will focus on how women economists have been articulated by the core of economics discipline historically. This study will pay attention to how job segregation will affect the productivity of university launching by gender. Theoretical background will be supported by in-depth interviews of the women economists who will be selected from different universities worldwide. In this manner, this study will aim to argue the relationship between their productivity and job segregation. Thus, it can be claimed that those who suffer from their gender in economics are women economists just by being women. This is caused by different reasons embedded in gender. So, this relationship between productivity and gender will be scrutinized from a feminist economics perspective. Briefly, scrutinizing the relationship between university-scientific output-productivity is essential regarding job segregation on working scientists women in universities. Unless there are no arguments about the reasons, there will be no solution at all. Universities are the most important components of a country’s productivity. So, as an important part of this component, women academicians in the economics discipline will be examined as a case for the prosperity of a country. JEL Codes: B5, B54


Keywords: job segregation, horizontal segregation, vertical segregation, women scientists, university, productivity