Markets, Productivity, and Happiness in a Historical Perspective

Italian public finance and agricultural economics in Spain during the 1930s

Zabalza Arbizu Juan , University of Alicante

The 1930s were a great period for Spanish economics and a further step in modernising the discipline in a process that began in the early 1900s. Economics became during the decade more pluralistic regarding the theoretical background, the scope of the discipline and the influence of different national traditions. This article aims to analyse the role of Italian economics and economists through the intellectual journey of Manuel de Torres. This Spanish economist was, by far, the more influenced by Italian economists and Italian economics. Most of the article will focus on the two economic fields on which Torres developed his professional activity as an economist: public finances and agricultural economics. In both areas, the Italian influence is visible. However, taking Torres’s work as the organisational axis, the article will enlarge the analysis of Italian influence in these areas and other spheres like translations, economic planning and even monetary theory. The main outcome is a picture of the role played by Italian economics and economists in the modernisation of economic science in Spain that is also compared with the weight of other economic traditions.


Keywords: Agricultural Economics; Public Finance; Spain; Italy

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