Money, Banks and Finance in Economic Thought

The question of the mendicacy and the project of creating a general hospice by Seville's Economic Society of Friends of the Country (1778) following of Olavide's wake?

Palma Martos Luis, UNIVERSIDAD DE SEVILLA
Noguero Hernádez Carlos, Universidad de Sevilla

Carlos Noguero Hernández and Luis Palma Martos. Universidad de Sevilla. (España). The Commission on Agriculture and Population of Seville´s Economic Society of Friends of the Country, as heir to the enlightened and reformist ideas of its main promoter, Pablo de Olavide, promoted several studies to facilitate the incorporation into economic activity of the abundant amount of dead hands that plagued their territory. The present work tries to offer answers to two questions in this regard: 1) What were the philosophical principles of the illustrated minority of Seville in relation to the problem of poverty, and its main actions in this regard? 2) What was the degree of permeability of Pablo de Olavide's ideas regarding public welfare among his Sevillians disciples? This work principal source of documentation is the Municipal Archive of Seville, 1778. Copy of the Report on Hospices made to the Council by the Royal Patriotic Society of the City and its Kingdom of Seville. Seville, September 5. Sección Conde del Águila. Volume 31. Folio nº 16. Our study provide an in-depth analysis of the case file is pertaining to the foundation of the General Hospice Casa Palacio Del Pumarejo, one of the projects undertaken by Sevillian´s Economic Society of Friends of the Country in 1778. Regarding the first contribution of our work, its offers a first-hand view of the process and circumstances surrounding the writing of the Seville Economic Society of Friends of the Country´s report on the foundation of a General Hospice and the obstacles that led to the case´s failure. Secondly, we have analyzed the degree of permeability of Pablo de Olavide's ideas about public welfare in his Sevillian disciples, through the aforementioned Report. We can affirm that this influence was less than what could be expected. The only circumstance on which Olavide and his disciples agreed was the educational and professional training of the General Hospice´s potential beneficiaries. They disagreed radically on practically all others aspects, including how the Hospice would be financed, whether the needy should be distributed throughout one o mores shelters and the possibility of establishment factories within its facilities.

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Keywords: History of Economic Thought; Enlightenment; Seville´s Economic Society of Friends of the Country.

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