Development and Underdevelopment in the History of Economic Thought

Academic Mobility of the Ukrainian Economists and its Effect on the Development of Economic Education in the 19th and early 20th century

Kurbet Oleksandra, Institute for Economics and Forecasting, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

In Ukraine, the tradition of sending the best students abroad to study and to prepare for teaching was established by the graduates of the Kyiv Mohyla Academy as early as 1632. This tradition became widespread in the 19th century with the creation of internship institute of prospective scientists in leading western universities for getting the scientific degree or a job in the university department. These measures were a reaction to the lack of qualified scientific and pedagogical staff training by universities' themselves (as it is known, foreign teachers were invited to work at the Russian Empire universities). Thanks to the internship for professorial fellows, Western European preparation was given to the prominent economist Ivan Vernadsky (1843–1846), who is the founder of the humanistic tradition in the Ukrainian economic thought. There were other political economists who passed internship or went on a business trip for a scientific purpose: Heorhy Sydorenko (1859–1860), Hryhoriy Tsehanovetsky (1862–1863), Mykola Tsytovych (1889–1891), Volodymyr Zheleznov (1899–1901; 1905), Oleksandr Bilimovych (1905–1907), Kostiantyn Vobly (1909–1910) and others. Both internships at leading universities and business trips to archives, to specialized forums and congresses in Germany, England, France, Belgium and the Netherlands helped to increase the scientific and pedagogical level of scientists and to implement acquired knowledge and skills in teaching practice at the universities of the Russian Empire. At the same time, business trips and internships were one of the main forms of incorporation of Ukrainian intellectual potential into the Western European scientific space. They formed networks of personal contacts with foreign colleagues and synchronized the development of the Ukrainian and the European economic thought and economic education.

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Keywords: History of Economic Thought, Academic Mobility, Business Trips Abroad, International Relations